Pompeii is one of the most famous archaelogical sites in the world and is one of the most significant proofs of Roman civilization. The city was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, but ash and "lapilli" (little hot rocks) preserved many constructions that, since 1997 have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The buried city was rediscovered in the 16th Century, but it was only in 1748 that the exploration phase began, under the King of Naples Charles III of Bourbon. It continued systematically throughout the 19th Century up to the most recent excavations, restorations and enhancements of the ancient city, with the rediscovering of its exceptional architecture, sculptures, paintings and mosaics. In the archaeological excavations it's possible to visit "Villa dei Misteri", The Amphitheatre, the Forum, many temples dedicated to the gods such us The Temple of Jupiter or Venus etc. The best period to visit the site is during spring and it's advisable to rely on an expert tourist guide. The visit to the ruins of Pompeii can be completed and enriched with a trip to nearby Herculaneum, Mont vesuvius and the archaeological excavations of Oplonti. Walking through the ruins is like read an history book, because art, customs and every day life of the past become real and tangible. The visit to the ruins of Pompei can be completed and enriched with a trip to nearby Herculaneum, Mount Vesuvius and the archaeological excavations of Oplonti. Walking through Pompeii's ruins is like read an history book, art, customs, trades and everyday life of the past become real and tangible. Welcome to the Roman Empire!